Comorbidity is a term used in medicine and psychiatry condition to indicate presence of other disorders or diseases in addition to the primary disease or disorder. Thus, conditions comorbid to autism spectrum disorders (called comorbidity here) are a number of specific disorders which are comorbid to autism.
Some comorbid conditions related to autism include:
- Chronic conditions in which a person feels worried and apprehensive without any immediate cause, or in which the worry is disproportionate to the cause.
- Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder
- This disorder is characterized by a persistent pattern of inattention and/or hyperactivity-impulsivity.
- Bipolar disorder
- A psychiatric condition defined by periods of extreme mood swings
- A state of intense sadness, melancholia or despair that has advanced to the point of being disruptive to an individual's social functioning and/or activities of daily living.
- Fragile X syndrome
- The most common inherited form of mental disability.
- Gastrintestinal Disorders
- It refers to "decreased muscle tone," a looseness or floppiness either of the limbs or the trunk/body. Hypotonia can be caused by disorders of the brain, nerves or muscles.
- Mental disability
- Struggling to learn basic motor and learning skills. It indicates intelligence that is significantly below average.
- Obsessive-compulsive disorder
- A type of anxiety disorder characterized by compulsive habits and obsessive worrying
- They are temporary abnormal electrical discharges in the brain, which can produce a temporary loss of consciousness (a "blackout"), a body convulsion, unusual movements, or staring spells.
- Sensory Processing Disorder